Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities.
Orthodontists requires professional skill in the design, application and control of corrective appliances, such as braces and retainers, to bring teeth, lips and jaws into proper alignment and to achieve facial balance.
The results of orthodontic treatment can be dramatic — beautiful smiles, improved dental health and an enhanced quality of life for many people of all ages. Outstanding results are also dependent on maximizing the coordination of care between you and our practice.
Types of orthodontic problems
- Deep overbite
- Open bite
- Overjet or upper protuding teeth
- Underbite or lower protuding jaw
- Spaces in between teeth
Types of Dental Braces :
Metal braces are the most widely used system of straitening teeth. Small metal brackets are bonded to the tooth with a wire passing through them. The wire is usually held tightly to the brackets with small elastic o-shaped rubber bands. The rubber bands can be metal colored (the most discreet) or colorful, depending on what you like. Metal brackets are very strong and can withstand most types of treatment. They tend to be the most inexpensive treatment and can treat the most severe cases.
Metal brackets can be silver or golden. The golden brackets look a bit more "jewelry-like" and are often a popular choice with young women.
Metal brackets are very strong and can withstand most types of treatment. At first they may irritate your gums, but after a few weeks, when your cheeks get "toughened up" they are not a problem anymore. Most traditional metal braces require an elastic o-shaped rubber band, called a ligature to hold the arch wire onto the bracket. Sometimes orthodontists use metal tie wires (little wires which are twisted around the bracket) in place of elastic ligatures.
In the "old days", metal braces were not just brackets, but bands that wrapped around the entire tooth. Nowadays, people wear small metal brackets that are glued to the front of each tooth (a big improvement!) Those old-fashioned bands are usually reserved for molars or teeth with fillings that spill to the outside surface of a tooth. Metal brackets tend to be less expensive than other types of brackets.
Lingual Braces :
For those patients who want complete “obscurity,” lingual braces may be an option. Lingual braces are applied to the inside surfaces of the teeth. Many people (especially professionals such as lawyers, doctors and sales representatives) opt for these “hidden” braces. It’s important to discuss this option with an orthodontist as ingual braces are not applicable to all orthodontic problems.
Lingual braces are attached to the inside or lingual side of the teeth which makes them completely non-visible. Lngual orthodontics particularly well-suited for adults whose professions keep them in the public eyes.
Lingual braces are designed and fabricated using new CAD/CAM and rapid prototyping technologies. The brackets are made out of a highly durable, dental-gold alloy. The precision wires are designed and bent to your specifications using robotic technology.
Self-Ligating (Damon) Braces (Damon Bracket System of Braces) :
You may have heard of "speed braces." These are sometimes also referred to as "self-ligating brackets" or "Damon Brackets.
Self-ligating braces are brackets that do not need the elastic bands to hold the wire to the brackets. Instead, each bracket has a sliding door locking mechanism to hold the wire. The brackets allow the wire to slide back and forth which means fewer adjustments and, therefore, less appointments.
Instead of visiting Dr. Anshu every four weeks, as with traditional metal braces, you might only need to come every six to eight weeks. These brackets are smaller than traditional metal brackets and less food gets trapped around them when you eat.
Clear Braces or ceramic braces :
Clear braces also known as ceramic braces are very similar to metal braces in their function. The only difference is that the brackets are tooth colored (less conspicuous than 'clear' versions). These brackets are nearly as strong as the metal counterparts and so they can treat almost all of the same cases.
Invisalign Plastic Trays :
Invisible braces or Invisalign is a great treatment option for people who do not have severe problems and are concerned with esthetics during the treatment. Instead of bonding brackets to the tooth, a series of strong plastic trays are fabricated.
Each tray is made to move your teeth slightly and is worn for a few weeks. Once our doctor has determined that your case can be treated with invisalign, the most important consideration is your cooperation. They must be worn for at least 18 hours a day in order to achieve results.
Active Retainers :
Active retainers are a great solution for people who only need slight adjustments in their anterior tooth alignment. We fabricates a traditional retainer that is fitted with active springs. Treatment time can be very short and the retainers can be worn all day without being very intrusive. Once treatment is completed the retainers are worn only at night to maintain your beautiful smile!